Pregnant women having eating disorders must undergo prolonged pregnancy screenings by contemplating their amplified peril of complications, according to new research. The study was led by researchers from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and the findings were published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. The scientists stated that children to mothers having eating disorders had an augmented peril of untimely birth and being born with a smaller head circumference—microcephaly. Allegedly, eating disorders affect millions of people globally, more precisely women in childbearing age. The investigators did a comprehensive review by analyzing all the 1.2 Million mothers who gave birth in Sweden from 2003 to 2014, of that almost 1,400 had bulimia, 2,800 had anorexia, and 3,400 had an unidentified eating disorder.
The study revealed that all kinds of eating disorders surged the peril of microcephaly and hyperemesis in pregnancy—which is a serious type of nausea and vomiting distressing the mother. The peril of anemia was two times higher for women having active anorexia or unidentified eating disorder compared to mothers without eating disorders. The active anorexia was also linked with an amplified peril of antepartum hemorrhage. The majority of the risk increase was more prominent in existing disease, but women who were not treated for an eating disorder in over a year prior to conception were also at greater peril of complications in comparison to mothers who had never been identified with an eating disorder.
On a related note, recently, a study showed that depression symptoms are higher in mothers with previous eating disorders. Women having eating disorders encounter determinedly higher depressive symptoms in the life-course, as per a study issued in the British Journal of Psychiatry. Yu Wei Chua—from the UOS (University of Strathclyde) in the U.K.—along with colleagues utilized data from the ALSPAC (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children). They found 1.4% of women reported a diagnosis of lifetime anorexia nervosa, 1.6% reported bulimia nervosa, and 0.6% reported both disorders.